Grooming dogs not only makes them more presentable, but also helps both their comfort and their health. A daily groom can give a closer bond between a dog and its owner and also helps owners to be aware of their dogs condition and can give an early warning of any signs of ill health such as skin sores, flaky skin, rashes, cuts, bumps and bruises.
Generally speaking, shorter-coated dogs require less grooming than those with longer or woollier coats.
It is a good idea to groom a dog before bathing it so that shed hair is removed and therefore water and shampoo can reach the skin and be easily washed out.
Curry brushes, tools with short rubber or plastic teeth are used to loosen dirt and hair from the dogs coat. They are commonly used when a dog has shed a large amount of hair.
Shedding blades with short blunt metal teeth can be used to remove shed hair from harsh coats.
Scissors and Clippers should not be used on double-coated breeds such as border collies unless the coat is very matted.. Although these dogs have very thick coats, they will not be too hot in the summer as the coat is designed to keep the dog cool in hot weather and warm in cold. Cutting tools used to remove/shorten hair on certain types of coats or in sensitive areas.
Stripping Combs/Knives pull out the longer hairs on a harsh coat from the root and are used on show-dogs such as terriers and schnauzers.
Dog brushes are available in many styles and varieties and are most frequently used in dogs with long hair, such as Afghan Hounds. Bristle brushes can be used on any type of coat, but specialist brushes may be more suitable. Wire pin brushes are ideal for curly coats, but should be inspected before any grooming to make sure that the pins have not become too sharp.
Rakes, designed to remove shed hair from undercoats, are ideal for use in double-coated breeds with thick undercoats such as Siberian Huskies and Newfoundlands.
Some breeds are normally shown in a particular cut of coat. These vary depending on the taste of the owner and the time of year, and may require a specialist dog groomer’s attention.
The particular tools needed depend on the type of dog and the condition of his coat, but a grooming routine is a valuable tool for the well-being of any dog.